PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF Vernonia amygdalina AND Ocimum ...

7.0mm for water and ethanol extracts respectively on the test organisms. Water extract of V. amygdalina was more effective on Pseudomonas aeruginosa than that of O. gratissimum, also ethanolic extract of O. gratissimum was more effective than ethanolic extract of V. amygdalina on the same bacteria. These extracts showed zones of inhibition ...

PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND IN-VITRO ANTIBACTERIAL ...

6.25mg/ml showed the lowest inhibitory zones. The concoctions of the aqueous leaf extracts of O. gratissimum and V. amygdalina exert a much higher activities on moxifloxacin resistant E. coli than decoction of Ocimum gratissimum and decoction of Vernonia amygdalina. The results obtained in this research imply that aqueous leaf

ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECT OF ETHANOL LEAF EXTRACTS OF …

The antimicrobial activity of ethanol leaf extracts of O. gratissimum, N. laevis, V. amygdalina revealed that the extracts had inhibitory activity against the Gram positive bacteria (S. albus and B. subtilis) and Gram negative bacteria (K. pneumoniae, P. aeruginosa, P. mirabilis)

COMPARATIVE EFFECT OF DIETARY OCIMUM GRATISSIMUM AND ...

(Allium sativum), Bitter leaf (Vernonia amygdalina) and Scent leaf (Ocimum gratissimum) among others (Osuji et al., 1995). O. gratissimum also called Basil leaf is an aromatic, herbaceous and perennial plant. Its vernacular names include Nchanwu, Daidoya and Efinrin in Igbo, Hausa and Yoruba languages

Effect of Solvent Extracts of Some Plants on Ralstonia ...

A. sativum ethanoholic extract was 0.25 mg/ml while it was 0.5mg/ml for the V. amygdalina ethanol extract. The MIC of the A. sativum, O.gratissimum and Z. officinale chloroform extracts was 0.25 mg/ml; J. curcas chloroform extract MIC was 0.125mg/ml. The MIC for

VERNONIA AMYGDALINA AND OCIMUM GRATISSIMUM AS …

in maize grains treated with 3% (v/w) of the leaf extracts 3 days post treatment. It was observed that leaf extracts of V. amygdalina and O. gratissimum applied at 3% per 30 g maize grains caused significantly higher (P<0.05) adult mortality than the 1% rate of treatment during storage.

Read Fungitioxic and patholgenic effect of vernorial ...

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Available online a t www.pelagiaresearchlibrary.com ...

gratissimum, V. amygdalina and A. melegueta profoundly inhibited the growth of S. typhi and E. coli with inhibition zone diameter between 12 mm to 23 mm. The growths of K. pneumoniae were not inhibited by all the extracts of O.

Antidiabetic study of combined extracts of Vernonia ...

The anti-diabetic activities of polyherbal combinations of Vernonia amygdalina (V. Traditional Medicine, and 2 amygdalina), Gongronema latifolium (G. latifolium), and Ocimum gratissimum (O. gratissimum) used in Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of folkloric management of diabetes.

Antibacterial and synergistic potency of methanolic leaf ...

Vernonia amygdalina and Ocimum gratissimum are common perennial shrubs that are used as vegetables and spices. Studies have indicated that both plants have several medicinal properties. This study investigated the antibacterial and synergistic potency of methanolic leaf extracts of Vernonia amygdalina and Ocimum gratissimum.

Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences

myelosupression as observed with V. amygdalina. O. gratissimum did not show significant protection of the urothelium and myeloid system. The protective effects of V. amygdalina was further evident through decreased histopathological alteration of the urinary bladder, kidney and liver tissues unlike the CP and O. gratissimum treated groups. The ...

Hepatoprotective Potential of Some Local Medicinal Plants ...

In the present study, B. ferruguinea, V. amygdalina, T. procumbens, O. gratissimum, and L. inermis leaf extracts demonstrated hepatoprotective potentials in a rat model of AAF-induced hepatotoxicity. The hepatoprotective activity of the leaf extracts may be due to the free radical scavenging and antioxidant activity, resulting from the ...

PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND IN-VITRO ANTIBACTERIAL ...

6.25mg/ml showed the lowest inhibitory zones. The concoctions of the aqueous leaf extracts of O. gratissimum and V. amygdalina exert a much higher activities on moxifloxacin resistant E. coli than decoction of Ocimum gratissimum and decoction of Vernonia amygdalina. The results obtained in this research imply that aqueous leaf

Comparative Analysis of the Phytochemical and ...

The acetonic extract of V. amygdalina gave the highest zone of inhibition on Klebsiella pneumonia 20mm than the ethanolic extract which gave 18mm. Both E. coli and S. aureus were not inhibited by the two extracts. The two extracts gave equal zones of inhibition 7mm on Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Antioxidative and Chemopreventive Properties of Vernonia ...

 · The chemopreventive properties of Vernonia amygdalina and Garcinia biflavonoids have been attributed to their abilities to scavenge free radicals, induce detoxification, inhibit stress response proteins and interfere with DNA binding activities of some transcription factors.

VERNONIA AMYGDALINA - PDF Free Download

In terms of concentration in (mg/100g), V. amygdalina contained higher levels of bioactive compounds than O. gratissimum save for phytate and cyanogenic glycosides (Table 1). Antibacterial sensitivity tests revealed that the ethanolic extracts of V. amygdalina and O. gratissimum had higher inhibitory zones than that of the water extracts (Table 2).

Assessment of Heavy Metal Levels of Green Leafy Vegetables ...

occidentalis> V. amygdalina >S. marcrocarpon > T. triangulare O. gratissimum). Table 1: Concentration of Copper (Cu) (m g/ kg) in Green Leafy Vegetables Sourced from Different Markets

Evaluation of the Nephroprotective Effects of Combined ...

NC= Normal control. DC=diabetic control, M.O=Moringa oleifera, V.A= Vernonia amygdalina, M/V= Moriga oleifera/Vernonia amygdalina, DMSO=Dimethylsulphoxide Acute toxicity test The oral acute toxicity study of Moringa oliefera and Ocimum gratissimum was determined in mice as described by lorke [11]. Induction of diabetes

In vivo studies on the prebiotic effects of Vernonia ...

Key words: Prebiotics, Vernonia amygdalina, Ocimum gratissimum, gastrointestinal tract, ... twelve animals were treated with V. amygdalina, six with O. gratissimum and nine with distilled water ...

Evaluation of plant extracts in the management of root ...

Grain yield of plants treated with V. amygdalina at 10,000 mg/kg and 20,000 mg/kg; and 20,000 mg/kg of A. indica, O. gratissimum and M. oleifera were significantly higher than in the untreated plants.

Evaluation of plant extracts in the management of root ...

Grain yield of plants treated with V. amygdalina at 10,000 mg/kg and 20,000 mg/kg; and 20,000 mg/kg of A. indica, O. gratissimum and M. oleifera were significantly higher than in the untreated plants.

THE EFFECT OF VERNONIA AMYGDALINA AND OCIMUM GRATISSIMUM ...

Conclusion: O. gratissimum can be used to reduce elevated blood glucose of diabetic animals, and it proved to be more potent than V. amygdalina. Key words: Ocimum gratissimum, Vernonia amygdalina, Alloxan, Glibenclamide INTRODUCTION Diabetes is an age long, serious metabolic disorder with complications that result in

COMPARATIVE EFFECTS OF SOME MEDICINAL PLANTS ON ...

O. gratissimum is found in the tropical and warm temperate regions such as India and Nigeria (Okigbo and Ogbonnaya, 2006). O. gratissimum is used by the Ibos of South Eastern Nigeria in the management of the new baby’s cord, to keep the wound surfaces sterile. It is also used in the treatment of fungal infections, fever and cold (Iwu, 1993).

Neuroprotective and Free Radicals Scavenging Potentials of ...

Neuroprotective and Free Radicals Scavenging Potentials of Some Common Leafy Vegetables Consumed in South - Eastern Nigeria ... (µg/ml), and 189.67(µg/ml) of V. amygdalina, G. latifolium and O. gratissimum extracts concentrations respectively. Free radical scavenging ability of the extracts was in the order G. Latifolium >V. Amygdalina > O ...

Fungitoxic and Phytotoxic Effect of Vernonia amygdalina (L ...

determine their ability to be used as fungicides orV. amygdalina, B. pinnatum, E. globules and O. pesticides for use to control plants diseases. The aim of gratissimum were …

Internet Scientific Publications

amygdalina for E. coli, Staph. aureus, B. cereus and 15mg/ml for Shigella dysenteriae and Salmonella typhimurium. The ethanolic extract of O. gratissimum was found out to have the MIC of …

Evaluation of the Nephroprotective Effects of Combined ...

NC= Normal control. DC=diabetic control, M.O=Moringa oleifera, V.A= Vernonia amygdalina, M/V= Moriga oleifera/Vernonia amygdalina, DMSO=Dimethylsulphoxide Acute toxicity test The oral acute toxicity study of Moringa oliefera and Ocimum gratissimum was determined in mice as described by lorke [11]. Induction of diabetes

Preliminary phytochemical analysis and insecticidal ...

The extracts of O. gratissimum, S. acuta, T. occidentalis and V. amygdalina of different concentrations were also investigated for their insecticidal activity against A. obtectus. Average mortality indicated that the extracts caused significant mortality on the target insects.

Comparison of antioxidant activity of insulin, Ocimum ...

O Asuquo, A Edet, O Mesembe, J AtanghwoEthanolic extracts of Vernonia amygdalina and Ocimum gratissimum enhance testicular improvement in diabetic Wistar rats. Int J Alt Med, 8 (2) (2009), pp. 440. 3. U Egesie, A Adelaiye, J Ibu, O EgesieSafety and hypoglycaemic properties of aqueous leaf extract of Ocimum gratissimum in streptozotocin ...

ASSESSMENT OF THE ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF Vernonia ...

Table 2: Antibacterial Activity of Ethanolic and Aqueous Extract of V. amygdalina and O. gratissimum at varying concentrations (mg/ml) on test organisms with zoness of inhibition in millimeters (mm)) E…

THE EFFECT OF VERNONIA AMYGDALINA AND OCIMUM …

Conclusion: O. gratissimum can be used to reduce elevated blood glucose of diabetic animals, and it proved to be more potent than V. amygdalina. Key words: Ocimum gratissimum, Vernonia amygdalina, Alloxan, Glibenclamide INTRODUCTION Diabetes is an age long, serious metabolic disorder with complications that result in

Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences

myelosupression as observed with V. amygdalina. O. gratissimum did not show significant protection of the urothelium and myeloid system. The protective effects of V. amygdalina was further evident through decreased histopathological alteration of the urinary bladder, kidney and liver tissues unlike the CP and O. gratissimum treated groups. The ...

Comparative Antioxidant Ac tivities of Extracts of ...

O. gratissimum also had higher reducing power than V. amygdalina at the concentrations studied. Standard ascorbic acid however had higher antioxidant activity values for the DPPH, FRAP and reducing power assays. Both plant extracts reasonably inhibit lipid peroxidation at 31.4 ± 0.15% for V. amygdalina and 42.8 ± 1.00% for O. gratissimum.

Bio-insecticidal and Grain Protectant Activities of Mixed ...

The bio-insecticidal and grain protectant activities of mixed powder of Ocimum gratissimum and Vernonia amygdalina upon Callosobruchus maculatus was carried out in Calabar, Nigeria during the dry season (August to November) of 2015. The mortality rate of cowpea weevil treated V. amygdalina: O. gratissimum at 100: 0 concentrations were 17.0%, 27.0%, and 47.0% for a period of 24hrs, 48hrs …

Internet Scientific Publications

amygdalina for E. coli, Staph. aureus, B. cereus and 15mg/ml for Shigella dysenteriae and Salmonella typhimurium. The ethanolic extract of O. gratissimum was found out to have the MIC of …

Comparative Analysis of the Phytochemical and ...

The acetonic extract of V. amygdalina gave the highest zone of inhibition on Klebsiella pneumonia 20mm than the ethanolic extract which gave 18mm. Both E. coli and S. aureus were not inhibited by the two extracts. The two extracts gave equal zones of inhibition 7mm on Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Evaluation of the Efficacy of Mixed Leaf Powders of ...

treatment with leaf powders of V. amygdalina and Leaf powders of the two plants applied at equal of V. amygdalina andO. gratissimum at equal Table 1: Effects of mixtures of V. amygdalina and O. gratissimum leaf powders on adult mortality, oviposition and adult emergence of …

Antimicrobial activities of phenolic containing extracts ...

vegetable extracts ( V. amygdalina, M. utilissima and O. gratissimum ) used for the present investigation was as presented on Table 1. The highest yield was obtained for V. amygdalina while the least was recorded for O. gratissimum. Identification of phenolic compounds in the extract (ethanol/water: 7/3) using HPLC/MS/DAD

Antibacterial and synergistic potency of methanolic leaf ...

Vernonia amygdalina and Ocimum gratissimum are common perennial shrubs that are used as vegetables and spices. Studies have indicated that both plants have several medicinal properties. This study investigated the antibacterial and synergistic potency of methanolic leaf extracts of Vernonia amygdalina and Ocimum gratissimum.

Vernonia amygdalina - Revolvy

Save. Vernonia amygdalina, a member of the Asteraceae family, is a small shrub that grows in tropical Africa.V. amygdalina typically grows to a height of 2–5 m (6.6–16.4 ft). The leaves are elliptical and up to 20 cm (7.9 in) long.